Renowned critic and always MIT linguist Noam Chomsky, one of the classic voices of wars, tempered financial crisis, spurred on some other ideological currents, and farm and other animals (quote from text Silent Weapons for Quiet War). Silent Weapons for Quiet Wars. From Bill Cooper ciulamuhabal.gq silentweaponsquietwars shtml. from page 36 of "Behold a Pale . *noam chomsky: law noam chomsky silent weapons for quiet wars pdf enforcement. although the silent weapons system was nearly exposed.
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Noam Chomsky, the distinguished American philosopher, political . Silent Weapons for Quiet Wars was published as an appendix to the book. Part 1 of these social engineering articles deals with “Silent Weapons for Quiet Wars“, a remarkable document that was found in in an old. Key words: manipulation, strategy, media Noam Chomsky - “10 strategies of have been created or destroyed social movements, justified wars, tempered financial to farm and other animals (quote from text Silent Weapons for Quiet War).
He will wear the same outfit every day for a week. He believes that the very understatedness of the physical presentation seems proof of the purity and the nobility of the cause. If he were a loudmouth, then people would have more doubts. In many ways, he and his wife, Carol, lead a conventional middle-class life. When their children were little, they went on vacations to the Caribbean; they summer on Cape Cod.
Chomsky loves to sail—at one point, he owned a small fleet of sailboats, plus a motorboat. But he likes to be out of doors in the summer, he likes to swim in the lake and go sailing and eat junk food. Carol is looser than Noam.
Well, everybody is. Carol makes sure that they go to bed right afterward, and they wake up around eight. It is commonly believed that Chomsky never sleeps, but this is not the case. Her demand that they join engendered a minor household crisis, but in the end Chomsky put his distaste aside and became a member. Aviva, the eldest, is the most like her father. She is also an activist: she has protested the working conditions at the Colombia mine from which a Salem power plant buys its coal, and the unfair labor practices of an egg farm in Maine.
Harry, the youngest, is the least political of the three: he is an aspiring violinist who lives in Berkeley and works part time in computer programming. Diane, the middle child, moved to Nicaragua in her mid-twenties to work as a volunteer on a Sandinista newspaper; she fell in love with a Sandinista activist, and stayed. His father, William, was born in in Ukraine and emigrated to Baltimore as a young man; his mother, Elsie, was born in Russia in , in a town near Minsk, and emigrated to Brooklyn in Both came from Orthodox families and left home when they were young to move to Philadelphia.
They both rejected the religiosity of their parents, but they both trained as Hebrew teachers and cared a great deal about promoting Hebrew as a living language. They were married shortly after they met, in the summer of Avram Noam, their first child, was born on December 7, ; David, their second, was born six years later. Although the family spoke English at home, Noam and David became fluent in Hebrew when they were young. There was not much talk of God in the house, but the family kept kosher and went to Sabbath services.
Chomsky was preoccupied with politics even as a child, and his views have not changed significantly since he was ten. At ten, he published his first article, in the school newspaper: an editorial on the fall of Barcelona in the Spanish Civil War. During junior high school, Chomsky spent a lot of time in Manhattan with an uncle, a legally blind, hunchbacked communist named Milton Kraus, who owned a newsstand at Broadway and Seventy-second Street that became a kind of street-corner salon for radical conversation.
Kraus got him interested in communism, but by thirteen or so Chomsky was over Marx. In New York, Chomsky liked to hang around the secondhand bookstores on Fourth Avenue and pick up obscure radical literature. In the early nineteen-forties, he discovered an extremely obscure group that called itself the Marlenites from Marx and Lenin , and maintained that the war was an international class struggle in disguise—the American and European ruling classes secretly working together to crush the European proletariat.
Since Chomsky was the best, he was the leader. Chomsky attended Camp Massad, a Hebrew-language summer camp in the Poconos; he organized Zionist youth groups and Hebrew-culture youth groups.
When Chomsky became interested in Carol, he used his influence to make sure that she got a place in Hebrew summer camp, so that she would speak the language well enough to be worthy of him. Carol was then, as she is now, small and slightly built, though her hair was shorter—now white, it grows nearly to her shoulders.
She decided in her teens that she disliked wearing lipstick, and she has stuck to that. She and Chomsky were married when she was nineteen and he was twenty-one. During his first year in college, at the University of Pennsylvania, Chomsky was bored and considered dropping out, but then he started to study with Zellig Harris, a linguistics professor who was involved in just the sort of left-Zionist politics that Chomsky was.
He would come to New York and stay at the Biltmore Hotel, which we thought was very grand, because we were all very poor and grubby. There was no question that we were impressed with him. And we felt that his rage was enormous. This notion did not then seem as implausible or as radical as it did after , when it would be called anti-Zionist rather than Zionist.
Besides, Zionism in any form was not much debated among mainstream American Jewish intellectuals. He has never been the type to revel in the variety of tongues—to delight in strange words and strange sounds. He was interested in language as a window onto the mind.
He stayed in Philadelphia for graduate school, and in the early fifties he was awarded a junior fellowship at Harvard—a great honor, which paid him to do research for several years. The thesis was so abstract that most linguists who read it found it impenetrable, but shortly after receiving his doctorate he was hired by a university used to such productions, M.
On Thursday afternoons, Chomsky teaches a seminar on linguistic foundations. It is not a technical syntax class; its purpose is to induct new graduate students into the Chomskyan mode of thought. Twenty or so students sat around the table in the linguistics conference room. Chomsky sat at one end, leaning back in his chair, a yellow legal pad balanced on his knees. One of the students cracked a joke and Chomsky smiled.
He has an unexpectedly warm and lovely smile. The gap between his front teeth shows as he grins, and he looks like a happy boy who has just pulled off a wonderful prank. That week, the class had read an article criticizing the behaviorist idea that learning was simply a matter of associating stimuli with reinforcement. The article argued that, on the contrary, to talk about a general-purpose learning process made no more sense than to talk about a general-purpose sensing organ.
The student giving the presentation that week got up and went to the blackboard and sketched two nerve cells with ions passing back and forth across the synapse between them.
This, he explained, was the Hebb synapse. Donald Hebb was a psychologist who, in the late nineteen-forties, identified what he claimed to be the neurological underpinning for the behaviorist model of learning. Chomsky loathes behaviorism. He argued that Skinner had not arrived at a method of studying speech objectively; he had merely covered up traditional notions with scientific-sounding terms. After all, children of different intelligence, raised in vastly different environments, acquired language at much the same pace, and very few if any of them were systematically tutored or rewarded.
Moreover, children acquired grammar in a way suggesting that they were following rules rather than mechanically imitating what they heard. It was preposterous, therefore, to talk about language as a matter of learning through reinforcement. In some crucial way, grammatical rules must be already there, hardwired into the brain, into something like a language organ.
The ability to speak developed naturally, like the ability to see or hear. There was, in this quintessentially human endeavor, no need for pellets. It effectively destroyed behaviorism—a school of thought that had dominated the human sciences for more than half a century. The student in the light-brown shirt had, helpfully, begun of his own accord to argue for the empiricist point of view.
Scientists had to start from some piece of knowledge and generate a theory from it, he said. Without factual constraints, how could they decide what to believe? A scientist came up with a theory first and then went looking for the facts to fit it. The vast majority of scientists assumed that conveying this information was the purpose of the dance: that the dance was, in effect, a form of bee language. Chomsky, however, disliked the notion that such a minimally evolved creature as a bee could have language, because language was, to him, distinctly human; he also disliked the implication that language in humans was, like the waggle dance, a skill that had evolved because it was useful.
Chomsky had, accordingly, seized on the work of a maverick scientist, A. Wenner, who claimed that although humans could detect information from the dance, the bees themselves did not: they found their way to food using only odor.
Despite the cricket example, however, nobody seemed convinced. It seemed very unlikely that bees might perform an elaborate dance for no reason other than sheer apian ebullience. And the idea that, even though the dance contained precise instructions about the location of food, bees might just not have figured them out seemed insane.
The argument has no force! He is enough of a conventional scientist to acknowledge its power as an explanation for most biological phenomena, but he resists applying it to language. If asked about this resistance, he will shrug and say that the state of our knowledge is such that any hypothesizing on the subject can only be the purest speculation. He will say it is possible that we will discover in the future that language appeared in the human brain as a consequence of some as yet unknown physical law: perhaps biological systems like brains throw up a linguistic structure once they reach a certain level of complexity, in the way that certain compounds take on the structure of crystals.
Chomsky may be right to believe that language did not gradually evolve, but even he would admit that this idea is only speculation. He just prefers to think of the language organ as a self-enclosed system whose origins are mysterious.
The theory of natural selection, after all, assumes that things evolve because they are useful; in that, it is a larger version of the behaviorist thesis that humans, like animals, do things in order to get stuff for themselves. And it is true that Chomsky believes that humans are driven by the desire for creative expression, not by anything so crass and petty as advantage. Chomsky was not the first to think of language that way.
A group of scholars called the Modistae, in the Middle Ages, and later, in the Renaissance, the French Port-Royal school believed that all languages were based on a universal grammar that reflected the structure of the mind of God. Chomsky read the texts of both these schools as a young man and refers often to their influence on him. Some nineteenth-century linguists took it as their mission to uncover, disguised amid the polyglot confusion of modern dialects, the original tongue that Adam and Eve spoke in the Garden of Eden, which remained the only human language until the erection of the Tower of Babel.
Modern linguistics is generally agreed to have begun with an address that Sir William Jones, the Chief Justice of Bengal, gave in to the Royal Asiatic Society: Jones suggested that Sanskrit, Latin, and Greek originated in a common source, and he inspired several generations of scholars to compare sounds and meanings from one language to another, looking for similarities. They discovered that some words shifted in sound in a regular fashion from one language to another. By the end of the nineteenth century, the family relationship of the Indo-European languages had been decisively established.
Around the same time, however, Franz Boas, a linguistically minded anthropologist who had emigrated to America from Germany, was growing irritated with the European tendency to force languages into the Latin mold. Boas saw in Native American languages, which were dying out fast, an opportunity and a mission: he decreed that, instead of studying dead languages or well-known living ones, linguists would travel across America collecting verbal arcana, like botanists hunting specimens.
Languages that had grown up right next to each other had no more in common than Tamil and Basque. Just as Skinner believed that a scientific psychology should devote its attention exclusively to observable behavior, so Bloomfield believed that a scientific linguistics should restrict itself to marks on the page and sounds in the mouth. It was initially assumed to be a useful appendix to the Bloomfieldian literature, bringing syntax, which had been ignored for too long, into its purview.
But a year later, beginning at a conference in Texas, Chomsky went on the attack. Bloomfieldians, he said, who had imagined themselves to be bringing scientific rigor to what had previously been a subject for the humanities, were not scientific at all: the point of science was to explain the world, and Bloomfieldians, by confining themselves to the surface ephemera of language, were merely describing it. To talk about languages as varied and unpredictable was to be hopelessly distracted by superficial differences, Chomsky said.
A language was not a cultural artifact that existed out there, in the world: grammar came from within; it was part of the human biological endowment. The political and economic systems in the U.
How long can appearances be maintained? With an ongoing criminal probe into Freddie Mack, unemployment skyrocketing and consumer sentiment plummeting, anyone who still believes in the bullshit sometimes referred to as "capitalism" should call up the Working Group on Financial Markets and tell them that their services are no longer necessary.
The people who run the macro scale speculation pit, sometimes referred to as the global financial system, have contingency plans in case "capitalism" starts to break down. Many people won't believe this, even if your give them the evidence. Officials worry that if investors all tried to head for the exit at the same time, there wouldn't be enough room -- or in financial terms, liquidity -- for them all to get through.
In that event, the smoothly running global financial machine would begin to lock up. This sort of liquidity crisis could imperil even healthy financial institutions that are temporarily short of cash or tradable assets such as U. Treasury securities. And worries about the financial strength of a major trader could cascade and cause other players to stop making payments to one another, in which case the system would seize up like an engine without oil.
Even a temporary loss of liquidity would intensify financial pressure on already stressed institutions. In the crash, government officials worked feverishly -- and, ultimately, successfully -- to avoid precisely that bleak scenario. Question: If I find the stock market odious and rife with fraud and criminality, why would I be daytrading to survive?
Answer: Criminal gangs are the only organizations with any money left. Since I need money to buy things, like burritos and some dirt upon which I'd place my yurt, I'm forced to do something to get money.
And since I don't want to go to jail, and since I can't find meaningful work that pays more than penury, I decided to try to rip off the criminals on Wall Street. Incredibly, stealing from these diabolical swindlers is perfectly legal. As long as you can rip them off, before they do the same thing to you, it's all chocked up to "the invisible hand of the market.
Oh well. I would appreciate any comments from the employees of the market makers, specialists and banks who read Cryptogon. Yeah, you. I see you. But Monday's news could prove to be even worse for the housing market than he had expected. What we're seeing is Freddie and Fannie have their own problems. This is the first big event, and there's lots more bad news coming. This technology is now ready for primetime: The first wide-scale applications of RFID will be in retail.
And some manufacturers are already on board. Gillette, for example, recently placed an order for half a billion RFID chips that they will begin to use to track individual packages of razors. Ultimately, a reader on every retail shelf will be able to automatically sense when the store is low on inventory and automatically place an order to restock.
And RFID will ultimately allow consumers to simply walk past the cash register with their purchases; the register will read the RFID chips and automatically deduct the purchase from their account. Inventory and checkout counters, however, are only the start of possible RFID applications.
An American company, Verichip, is developing an RFID chip implant that will permanently store your medical records under your skin, so any hospital equipped with a reader can know all your pertinent health information even if you are unconscious. A simpler version of this subcutaneous chip is already implanted to help identify pets.
Related: What Is Smart Dust? Six years ago, he went to Darpa with a proposal for outfitting silicon slivers with microscopic surveillance equipment. Such infinitesimal devices are commonly known as microelectromechanical systems, or MEMS.
Creating the dust isn't so different from making computer chips: You start with a silicon wafer, then coat it with a metal film that allows microstructures to be etched into its surface. Ultrasound or a diamond saw is then used to shatter the wafer.
The tough part is getting those little pieces to do something useful. Pister's latest functional MEMS - each smaller than an aspirin - are still times bigger than his ultimate target of 1 cubic millimeter. The motes come equipped with sensors that can detect when metal objects, like tanks, move and disrupt the Earth's magnetic field.
A lone particle's magnetometer reading isn't much good to a battlefield commander.
But a cloud of motes swapping information like a peer-to-peer network can provide a detailed portrait of an advancing tank battalion or an ambush attack. Pister, who heads the Berkeley startup Dust Inc. But each mote required so much power, he couldn't build one smaller than cubic-millimeters.
Then one of his grad students had a breakthrough: a stripped-down transmitter that uses less juice but can broadcast data about 30 feet. Currently, Pister's smart dust relies on solar cells measuring just a few millimeters in diameter.
But at that size, power storage could be a problem, so he's considering going nuclear. Giving each mote a long-term energy supply might eventually be as simple as sprinkling it with a radioactive isotope.
Institutions continue to buy up Freddie Mac's securitized mortgage debt because there is no other place to put the money in order to earn a return. Question: What happens when that junk paper stops performing? Federal prosecutors on Wednesday revealed a criminal probe into Freddie Mac, two days after the No. In addition, Freddie Mac confirmed the Securities and Exchange Commission has begun a formal investigation and said the SEC has been carrying out an informal probe since January.
Assume the crash position, Martha, put your head between your knees and grab your ankles. Your buddy got the max. Oh, but these are just isolated incidents: ImClone Systems founder Sam Waksal watched his sweet life of SoHo lofts, celebrity and superwealth disappear yesterday as a judge sentenced him to the max - more than seven years in prison.
Faces Critical Gas Shortage :. Natural gas supplies in the US have reached critically low levels in recent months and may be inadequate to meet demand during a hot summer this year. Spencer Abraham, the US energy secretary, has called an emergency meeting of the National Petroleum Council this month amid calls for the administration to deal urgently with the shortage.
In case you don't understand what is happening in the financial markets, I'll spell it out: Buy lots of food and survival products; stuff that will help you live on your own, far away from large cities. Beans, rice, bottled water, water filters, guns, ammunition, toilet paper, granola, peanut butter, sugar, salt, propane, vegetable seed packs, dried fruit, etc.
Make a list. Check it twice, don't wait to find out if your neighbors are naughty or nice. If you're lucky enough to have hills to run to Wait, isn't this a story about financial markets? Mortgage-market giant Freddie Mac announced abruptly Monday that it had fired its president because he didn't fully cooperate with an internal review of the company's accounting, now being investigated by federal regulators.
The move unnerved Wall Street and raised alarm among lawmakers. In a surprise shake-up, the government-sponsored company whose stock is widely traded said it had fired the president and chief operating officer, David Glenn, and that Chairman and Chief Executive Leland Brendsel had resigned.
Vaughn Clarke, the executive vice president and chief financial officer, also resigned.
Freddie Mac said it had dismissed Glenn "because of serious questions as to the timeliness and completeness of his cooperation and candor" with attorneys engaged in January by the board of directors' audit committee to review the accounting problems that span three years.
Executives are rushing to sell their companies' shares at a pace not seen since The moves are a concern because insider buying and selling -- by people who presumably are the most knowledgeable about their companies' prospects -- have been good predictors of the market's direction.
For example, many executives sold their holdings in early , just before a bear market in stocks began. Now, many again are locking in profits -- especially in health care, technology and finance stocks -- on the heels of the market's recent gains. This is pretty optimistic, if you ask me: This is the way the world might end: A genetically engineered pathogen is released, debris from an erupting "supervolcano" blocks the sun or scientists in the biggest "bioerror" of them all accidentally trigger a matter-squeezing "big bang.
Rees calculates that the odds of an apocalyptic disaster striking Earth have risen to about 50 percent from 20 percent a hundred years ago.